indian-style sweet and sour pickled rhubarb

sweet and sour rhubarb pickles

This is the season for fresh produce and I enjoy taking advantage of it whenever possible. Though it's the end of spring here and the start of summer, the temperatures have been a bit cooler than usual and I haven't really ventured out to the local farmer's markets in D.C. as much as I would like to. Rhubarb has quickly become a favorite in the kitchen and I always pick up some at the farmer's market. This time I decided that I'd do something completely different and work on a pickled recipe for this season, just to have a little stash tucked away for the cooler months to come. 

chipotle chili pepper

Indian pickles are very different from western pickles. They combine a complex mix of flavors and spices. The diversity in flavors can vary from super hot to mild, to sweet to tart, or a combination of all or some. They generally use a bit of oil and some acid and sometimes sugar to preserve the vegetable or fruit that's being pickled. This pickled rhubarb recipe incorporates all of those tastes and preserving agents. Honestly, I wasn't really sure how rhubarb would taste when pickled but amazingly enough it absorbed all the flavors making it very tasty.

Pickled Rhubarb

The end product was tender and sweet, sour, and mildly hot. The rhubarb stalks got soft as they aged and pickled in the vinegar and were ready to eat after a week. This pickle goes delicious in sandwiches with roast meat (beef and lamb), chicken, turkey and even vegetables. It also goes really well with simple meal of rice and fish. Feel free to adjust the recipe quantities, if you want to make more, I made two jars and will probably scale this up once I pick up some more rhubarb (I got a couple of requests to make some more).

Grape vines sprouting back in Spring sweet and sour rhubarb pickle

indian-style sweet and sour pickled rhubarb

yields: two 500 ml jars


8 rhubarb stalks, cleaned and trimmed
1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil
1 dried chipotle chili pepper, whole
2 tablespoons ginger root, peeled and julienned
1/2 teaspoon cumin
1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
1/2 teaspoon fenugreek seeds
1/4 cup jaggery or raw brown sugar
2 cups red wine vinegar
1/2 teaspoon salt

1. Cut the rhubarb stalks length-wise in half and then cut them into 4 inch pieces. Divide them equally into two clean sterile canning jars. Keep covered with a clean sterile cloth or paper towel.
2. Heat up a thick bottomed-sauce pan on a medium-high flame. Add the olive oil and heat till the oil. When the oil is hot (but not smoky), slice the chipotle pepper in half and add it with the seeds into the hot oil. Reduce the flame to a gentle simmer and immediately add the ginger, cumin, turmeric, and fenugreek seeds. (If anything burns toss the oil out and begin again). 
3. Carefully add the jaggery and stir continuously. The jaggery will melt and being to caramelize a little in the oil. Slowly fold in the vinegar (be careful at this stage) and stir to dissolve the sugar.  Cook the liquid for another minute or two. Switch the stove off and add the salt (taste the liquid to make sure the salt and sweetness is enough and adjust accordingly. Do not add water at any stage, just add more vinegar). 
4. Pour the hot liquid along with the spices into jars containing the rhubarb. Place one chipotle pepper in each jar. Seal with sterile lids and process for 20 minutes to can. Store in a cool, dark and dry place. Let the pickles age for a week before opening. 

parsi eggplant pickle

savory eggplant pickle

Ever since it arrived in the mail a few weeks ago, I've been completely absorbed by my copy of Niloufer Ichaporia King's "My Bombay Kitchen", which is probably one of the best cookbooks that I have read in a while. Niloufer weaves a rich tapestry of story and food to describe one of the most unique and ancient cultures in the world. She walks you through the origins of the Zoroastrian people in Persia and their subsequent migration to the shores of India where they established themselves into the well-respected Parsi community. The book is complete with photographs of her childhood and family along with descriptions of some of the customs and cultural elements. Of course, beyond the amazing collection of recipes, she talks about food and its importance among the Parsi. This book is more than just a cookbook, it is a fascinating account of people, history, culture, and food and it should come as no surprise that this book received the coveted James Beard award in 2008.

eggplant and jaggery

As soon as I came across Niloufer's Parsi eggplant pickle recipe, I felt a strong desire to indulge a little. You see, eggplants are probably one of my favorite vegetables and it was hard to pass up an opportunity like this. This pickle recipe has a bit of everything in it, it is deliciously hot, sweet, sour, and salty. It hits all of the taste buds in the mouth and all the notes of your culinary senses. Pickles are a staple in most Indian meals with a little bit served as an accompaniment to each meal. They can revamp a simple or boring meal into something much more exciting which is exactly what this eggplant pickle does. 

parsi eggplant pickle

Breathing in the delicious aromas from the cumin, fenugreek, and fennel seeds while they sputtered in the hot oils, was heavenly. The flavors get even more bolder once the vinegar and jaggery cook with the eggplant cubes over the stove. Jaggery is a type of raw sugar that can be found at most Indian grocery stores but a lighter variety of brown sugar would do equally well in this pickle. For this particular recipe use fresh eggplants that are not bitter such as the Thai varieties to get a great tasting pickle. I prefer to buy my eggplants on the day I plan to cook them otherwise they get brown and bruised (They ripen very fast once plucked from the plant and will brown even in the refrigerator). Since I made a batch of this pickle, we have eaten it daily with almost every meal possible which makes me worry that maybe I should have made a larger batch!

fenugreekseeds and eggplant pickle

parsi eggplant pickle 

yields: approximately 2 quarts


2 cups vegetable oil like peanut or mustard (I used peanut oil)
2 teaspoons fenugreek seeds
2 teaspoons cumin seeds
2 teaspoons fennel seeds
3/4 cup garlic, thinly sliced 
3/4 cup fresh ginger root,  finely julienned and peeled 
2 tablespoons Kashmiri chili powder or any other hot dried red chili powder (cayenne)
2 teaspoons turmeric powder
5 pounds eggplant, cut into 1 inch cubes (do not peel)
1 cup fresh green/red thai chili peppers, halved
2 1/2 cups apple cider vinegar
3/4 cup jaggery or light brown sugar
2 tablespoons salt

1. Heat the oil in a large non-reactive pan or deep pot on a medium-high flame. When the oil is hot add the fenugreek, cumin, and fennel seeds. The seeds will begin to sputter, immediately reduce the heat to a medium-low flame to prevent the seeds from burning.  
2. Immediately add the garlic and ginger to the oil. Stir till they turn golden in the hot oil. 
3. Add the Kashmiri chili and turmeric powders and cook for 15 seconds.
4. Add the eggplant and halved chili peppers to the hot oil and spices. 
5. Stir in the vinegar and sugar. Stir the contents of the pot carefully, reduce the heat to a simmer and cover the contents with a lid. Cook the pickle for one hour with occasional stirring. If the eggplant begins to stick to the bottom of the pot, then add more vinegar (but never add water). 
6. Season the pickle with the salt and adjust the balance of the sweet and sour by adding more jaggery (sugar) and/or vinegar.
7. Transfer the cooled pickle into clean and sterile canning jars. Make sure there is a little bit of oil floating on the surface of the pickle in each jar. Seal the jars and process for 20 minutes (canning time can vary depending on your altitude).